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According to UN , Latin America and the Caribbean contribute 14% of world food production and 45% of net international trade in agri-food products. However, the crisis generated by COVID-19, coupled with increasingly complex climate change, has severely shaken an industry valued at more than $ 5,000 billion worldwide.
Faced with this reality, the Mexican countryside was one of the most affected, because in addition to the health emergency, it had to face a major drought that affected around 70% of the territory. Data that alerts and calls to take care of every available resource to avoid an even greater crisis.
To help improve the complex scenario that the fields go through, Technology has enabled the development of solutions that optimize not only work, but also resources. Thanks to the deployment of Artificial Intelligence in agriculture, producers can have real-time data on what is happening on their land. However, this is only the tip of the iceberg. Then, Mario Bustamante, CEO of agtech Instacrops , comments on three advantages of field digitization:
1. Decisions based on real-time data
Through the use of advanced technologies and artificial intelligence algorithms, real-time data can be obtained to guide farmers in making strategic decisions about their crops. By incorporating AI-based solutions, it is possible to have information on key parameters, which helps farmers to better prepare for various scenarios, such as weather events, resource shortages or crop problems. parasites or nutrients in crops. In this sense, platforms such as Instacrops provide users’ mobile phones with recommendations based on the interpretations of the data obtained to improve the performance of the plantations.
2. Efficient production times
The consulting firm Gartner estimates that by the end of 2024, the use of technological tools will speed up working time by up to 20 times. Although it is difficult to visualize the automation of manual labor such as that of the field, the truth is that there is software that is user-friendly, easy to use and very useful for farmers. For example, thanks to multispectral images, it is possible to know the optimal condition of plants, stress problems caused by deficit or excess moisture, weeds, pests, diseases, even if the plants have a normal green color for their growth. All of this information allows the farmer to make decisions that help get the most out of their crop and streamline the entire harvesting process within the time specified, achieving better results.
3. Sustainable agriculture
The demand for food production will continue to grow, in fact it is expected that over the next 30 years it will increase by 70%, so it will not only be necessary to be more efficient in production, but also to limit its impact. on the environment. For this reason, agro-technologies are tools for making sustainability in this sector a reality in our region.
There are currently sustainable agricultural models that offer multiple benefits, but these models can be complemented by technologies that allow us to increase the level of communication that exists between nature and food producers. For example, by monitoring parameters such as soil humidity and temperature, water consumption, electrical conductivity, ambient temperature and dew point, among others, it is possible to save up to 35% in irrigation water consumption. within the property.
More than ever, the enhancement and protection of this sector requires the evolution of traditional processes to make them more efficient and sustainable. The innovation has led to the fact that some daily field processes, such as counting plants, locating problems of excess or deficit of water, nutrients, pests, weeds, among others, can now be done from the cell phone. The implementation of solutions is not only an evolutionary factor, but also to face the challenges and needs of our present.